Golconda derives its name from the Telegu words Golla konda meaning ‘shepherd’s hill’. Its establishment dates about 800 years back and was founded by Kakatiya kings of Warangal. It rose to power and fame when Quli Qutub Shah of Qutub Shahi dynasty decided to operate from there as his capital fort. It was during this dynasty’s rule that the fort expanded to a much larger area and turned out be a massive one made of granite.
An interesting fact about this historical landmark is the mind-blowing acoustic effect it produces. A clap made at the entrance gate can be heard even at the highest point of the fort called ‘Bala Hissar’ situated a kilometre away. This engineering miracle during those days is indeed remarkable and was implemented so as to protect the fort from enemy attacks. This dynasty is said to be extremely powerful and the fact that Aurangzeb had to struggle a lot to acquire this land probably explains the strength of this empire.
In ancient times, this was the only known source of diamond across the globe and was known for producing Kohinoor, Darya-e-nur and Hope diamonds. A mesmerising light and sound show is conducted by APTDC showcasing the history of Golconda Fort.