Heritage Transport Museum is set to organise India’s first exhibition of Original Indian movie posters and lobby cards at New Delhi from December 5, 2020, that share a connection to modes of transportation.
Organised to commemorate its 7th anniversary, the exhibition titled ‘Moments in Motion’, includes more than 60 posters and over 100 lobby cards spanning over 5 decades representing modes of transport that were a part of the storyline of a movie and important enough to have found a place in its advertising. The oldest poster on display is from the movie Hunterwali Ki Beti (1943) and the youngest is from the movie Chalti Ka Naam Zindagi (1982).
Film posters have been an integral part of cinema since its inception as it became a way of introducing the film in an eye-catching format. Lobby cards were film posters or scenes printed on card stock and were usually displayed in a theatre’s lobby to perform similar functions. Along with show cards and song booklets, they formed an indispensable part of the cultural paraphernalia of cinema.
Over the years, its aesthetics, importance and the meaning it transmits have gone through several transitions. The dynamic shifts in its lettering, art styles and use of colours represented the changing cinematic tastes, and in turn the historical landscape of the nation itself. Indian film posters are thoughtfully created to convey major thematic concerns of the films. Similarly, the representation of stars becomes crucial to create a buzz to attract their fan groups. The poster of a particular film circulated in urban centres might vary from the ones displayed on the walls of a small town, as they responded simultaneously to general and local tastes. Likewise, lobby cards depicted dramatic snapshots which drew attention to the films’ content.
Transportation and cinema go a long way back. The various means of transport have been part of some iconic cinema moments. Born at the cusp of a new century, cinema has always projected tensions between traditional ways of living and the advent of modernity. Needless to say, with the nation realizing the life-altering capacity of motorized transport, they came to play a key role in cinema. The changing role of transport in cinema was also an indicator of changing attitudes toward technology. If the novelty of the trains spawned a number of stunt films centred around trains like Miss Frontier Mail (1936), it shifted to a more complex emotional affect in the iconic scene from Satyajit Ray’s Pather Panchali (1955). In the posters of Fearless Nadia’s stunt films, hand-painted images of trains were often found alongside the stunt queen’s iconic posture.
The iconography of trains even enhanced the aura of Hindi cinema’s first true blue superstar Rajesh Khanna as he crooned Mere Sapno Ki Rani in Aradhana (1969). Non-mechanized modes of transport, like the humble rickshaw and bullock carts, were not left behind either. An impoverished Balraj Sahni pulled rickshaws in Calcutta in Bimal Roy’s stunning tale of rural displacement Do Bigha Zamin (1953), while Dilip Kumar raced a bus in his trusted tonga in the thrilling climax to Naya Daur (1957). While initially symbols of the rapid march of mechanization, cars, motorcycles and trains soon came to denote the speed and dynamism of modern-day life. In the film posters of the 70s and 80s, they were presented in the midst of an explosion of images, anchoring the charismatic image of the hero as well as promising the thrills of the chase. Through the years, film posters have managed to capture the diverse kinds of transportation that became an essential part of the film narrative and therefore, our past.
Though modern modes of promotion have replaced the lobby card and song booklet altogether, the poster still remains, having evolved from manual painting to incorporate 3d art and digital printing. These cultural artefacts have become an important archive of information, which allow us to trace the histories of popular art, political and cultural norms, print and type technologies and our ineffable relationship with the theatre of dreams. Film posters and lobby cards are the ‘lost’ art of our cultural heritage which our collection hopes to display and honour.
“Moments in Motion” which will last up to January 31, 2021, provides a rare sighting of Indian Cinema and Transportation in an often overlooked art form that has become an important fixture in popular culture.