Who was the Rajpramukh of Hyderabad after the police action in 1948?


Hyderabad: The last Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan served as the Rajpramukh for the Hyderabad state after the 1948 Polo operation. Rajpramukh can be termed as today’s equivalents for Governor.


Many heads of princely states were given the position of Rajpramukh which included continuation of certain royal rights which was decided during their agreement with the post-Independence Governor General of India C Rajagopalachari.

The privileges included:

  • Specific privy purse amounts. [The payment made to royal families to integrate with the Indian union of states]
  • Right to their personal properties
  • Right to succession in accordance with their respective traditions.

This agreement formally lasted up to 26th January 1950 when India formally established itself as a republic nation. Other kings who enjoyed the status of aRajpramukh include the Wodeyar King of Mysore, King of Travancore-Cochin kingdom, Kings of Patiala, Gwalior and Saurashtra to name a few. Sources say, Mir Osman Ali stayed his royal residence the King Koti place, where he spent his last days.

The shuffling of pre-Independence provinces to form new states on the basis of linguistic lines occurred by the States Reorganisation Act on November 1st, 1956 . Mir Osman Ali continued in his Rajpramukh office until the Nizam kingdom was formally broken down to join Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra based on their linguistic, ethnic composition.

His position implies, he was most likely in respectful terms with the Indian government, perhaps because he had no other choice that was this honourable. He might not have enjoyed all the privileges he once did, but would’ve definitely sustained his luxurious lifestyle for a little longer as most of Nizam property was taken over by the Indian government after his death. His successors didn’t enjoy any royalties as the position was abolished by then.

The presidential order de-recognised all Maharajas in 1969 and the princely order in India was constitutionally abolished once and for all, in the 26th amendment passed in 1971. The last Nizam, however, had died in 1967 and was buried in Judi mosque as per his wishes. His funeral was attended by about two lakh people, suggesting that his former subjects made peace with the once-secular-turned-obnoxious ruler.

Sridhar Dharmasanam paying homage to Mir Osman Alikhan
Hyderabad veterans paying homage to the late Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan at his cemetery in King Koti on hi 47th death anniversary. Seen are Sridhar-Dharmasanam, Shabaz Ali Khan, Capt Lingala Pandu Ranga Reddy, Dr Chiranjeevi and others.